OS X Keyboard Shortcuts Cheatsheet

Here is a list of the most useful and common keyboard shortcuts for OS X. Using these keyboard shortcuts will speed up your productivity when using your Mac   it is highly recommend you learn these.

Pick a few, learn them in one day, then come back in a couple of days and start to use others. Soon you will remember them all!

Most Common Shortcuts

          Shortcut           Description
Command Key ⌘ X Cut: Remove the selected item and copy it to the Clipboard.
Command Key ⌘ C Copy the selected item to the Clipboard. This also works for files in the Finder.
Command Key ⌘ V Paste the contents of the Clipboard into the current document or app. This also works for files in the Finder.
Command Key ⌘ Z Undo the previous command. You can then press Command Key ⌘  Shift key ⇧ Z to Redo, reversing the undo command. In some apps, you can undo and redo multiple commands.
Command Key ⌘ A Select All items. 
Command Key ⌘ F Find: Open a Find window, or find items in a document.
Command Key ⌘ G Find Again: Find the next occurrence of the item previously found. To find the previous occurrence, press Command Key ⌘ Shift key ⇧ G.
Command Key ⌘ H Hide the windows of the front app. To view the front app but hide all other apps, press Command Key ⌘ Option Key ⌥ H.
Command Key ⌘ M Minimize the front window to the Dock. To minimize all windows of the front app, press Command Key ⌘ Option Key ⌥ M.
Command Key ⌘ N New: Open an new document or window.
Command Key ⌘ O Open the selected item, or open a dialog to select a file to open.
Command Key ⌘ P Print the current document.
Command Key ⌘ S Save the current document.
Command Key ⌘ W Close the front window. To close all windows of the app, press Command Key ⌘ Option Key ⌥ W.
Command Key ⌘ Q Quit the app.
Command Key ⌘ Option Key ⌥ Esc Force Quit: Choose an app to force quit. Or press Command Key ⌘ Shift key ⇧ Option Key ⌥ Esc and hold for 3 seconds to force just the front app to quit.
Command Key ⌘–Space bar Spotlight: Show or hide the Spotlight search field. To perform a Spotlight search from a Finder window, press Command Key ⌘Option Key ⌥–Space bar. If you use multiple input sources to type in different languages, these shortcuts change input sources instead of showing Spotlight.
Space bar Quick Look: Use Quick Look to preview the selected item.
Command Key ⌘ Tab Switch apps: Switch to the next most recently used app among your open apps. 
Command Key ⌘ Shift key ⇧ Tilde (~) Switch windows: Switch to the next most recently used window of the front app. 
Command Key ⌘ Shift key ⇧ 3 Screenshot: Take a screenshot of the entire screen. Learn more screenshot shortcuts.
Command Key ⌘ Comma (,) Preferences: Open preferences for the front app.

Sleep, log out, and shut down shortcuts

               Shortcut               Description
Power button
Tap to turn on your Mac or wake your Mac from sleep.  
Hold for 1.5 seconds while your Mac is awake to display a dialog asking if you want to restart, sleep, or shut down.
Hold for 5 seconds to force your Mac to turn off.
Command Key ⌘Control Key ⌃–Power button Force your Mac to restart.
Command Key ⌘Option Key ⌥–Power button Put your Mac to sleep.
Shift key ⇧Control Key ⌃–Power button Put your displays to sleep.
Command Key ⌘Control Key ⌃–Power button
Quit all apps, then restart your Mac. If any open documents have unsaved changes, you'll be asked whether you want to save them.
Command Key ⌘Option Key ⌥Control Key ⌃–Power button Quit all apps, then shut down your Mac. If any open documents have unsaved changes, you'll be asked whether you want to save them.
Command Key ⌘ Shift key ⇧ Q Log out of your OS X user account. You'll be asked to confirm.
Command Key ⌘ Shift key ⇧ Option Key ⌥ Q Log out of your OS X user account immediately, without being asked to confirm.

Document shortcuts

               Shortcut               Description
Command Key ⌘ B Boldface the selected text, or turn boldfacing on or off. 
Command Key ⌘ I Italicize the selected text, or turn italics on or off.
Command Key ⌘ U Underline the selected text, or turn underlining on or off.
Command Key ⌘ T Show or hide the Fonts window.
Command Key ⌘ D Select the Desktop folder from within an Open dialog or Save dialog.
Command Key ⌘ Control Key ⌃ D Show or hide the definition of the selected word.
Command Key ⌘ Shift key ⇧ Colon (:) Display the Spelling and Grammar window.
Command Key ⌘ Semicolon (;) Find misspelled words in the document.
Option Key ⌥ Delete Delete the word to the left of the insertion point.
Control Key ⌃ H Delete the character to the left of the insertion point. Or use Delete.
Control Key ⌃ D Delete the character to the right of the insertion point. Or use FN Key Delete.
Control Key ⌃ K Delete the text between the insertion point and the end of the line or paragraph.
Command Key ⌘ Delete Select Delete or Don't Save in a dialog that contains a Delete or Don't Save button.
FN Key–Up Arrow Page Up: Scroll up one page. 
FN Key–Down Arrow Page Down: Scroll down one page.
FN Key–Left Arrow Home: Scroll to the beginning of a document.
FN Key–Right Arrow End: Scroll to the end of a document.
Command Key ⌘–Up Arrow Move the insertion point to the beginning of the document.
Command Key ⌘–Down Arrow Move the insertion point to the end of the document.
Command Key ⌘–Left Arrow Move the insertion point to the beginning of the current line.
Command Key ⌘–Right Arrow Move the insertion point to the end of the current line.
Option Key ⌥–Left Arrow Move the insertion point to the beginning of the previous word.
Option Key ⌥–Right Arrow Move the insertion point to the end of the next word.
Command Key ⌘Shift key ⇧–Up Arrow Select the text between the insertion point and the beginning of the document.
Command Key ⌘Shift key ⇧–Down Arrow Select the text between the insertion point and the end of the document.
Command Key ⌘Shift key ⇧–Left Arrow Select the text between the insertion point and the beginning of the current line.
Command Key ⌘Shift key ⇧–Right Arrow Select the text between the insertion point and the end of the current line.
Shift key ⇧–Up Arrow Extend text selection to the nearest character at the same horizontal location on the line above.
Shift key ⇧–Down Arrow Extend text selection to the nearest character at the same horizontal location on the line below.
Shift key ⇧–Left Arrow Extend text selection one character to the left.
Shift key ⇧–Right Arrow Extend text selection one character to the right.
Shift key ⇧Option Key ⌥–Up Arrow Extend text selection to the beginning of the current paragraph, then to the beginning of the following paragraph if pressed again.
Shift key ⇧Option Key ⌥–Down Arrow Extend text selection to the end of the current paragraph, then to the end of the following paragraph if pressed again.
Shift key ⇧Option Key ⌥–Left Arrow Extend text selection to the beginning of the current word, then to the beginning of the following word if pressed again.
Shift key ⇧Option Key ⌥–Right Arrow Extend text selection to the end of the current word, then to the end of the following word if pressed again.
Control Key ⌃ A Move to the beginning of the line or paragraph.
Control Key ⌃ E Move to the end of a line or paragraph.
Control Key ⌃ F Move one character forward.
Control Key ⌃ B Move one character backward.
Control Key ⌃ L Center the cursor or selection in the visible area.
Control Key ⌃ P Move up one line.
Control Key ⌃ N Move down one line.
Control Key ⌃ O Insert a new line after the insertion point.
Control Key ⌃ T Swap the character behind the insertion point with the character in front of the insertion point.
Command Key ⌘–Left Curly Bracket ({) Left align.
Command Key ⌘–Right Curly Bracket (}) Right align.
Command Key ⌘Shift key ⇧–Vertical bar (|) Center align.
Command Key ⌘ Option Key ⌥ F Go to the search field. 
Command Key ⌘ Option Key ⌥ T Show or hide a toolbar in the app.
Command Key ⌘ Option Key ⌥ C Copy Style: Copy the formatting settings of the selected item to the Clipboard.
Command Key ⌘ Option Key ⌥ V Paste Style: Apply the copied style to the selected item.
Command Key ⌘ Shift key ⇧ Option Key ⌥ V Paste and Match Style: Apply the style of the surrounding content to the item pasted within that content.
Command Key ⌘ Option Key ⌥ I Show or hide the inspector window.
Command Key ⌘ Shift key ⇧ P Page setup: Display a window for selecting document settings.
Command Key ⌘ Shift key ⇧ S Display the Save As dialog, or duplicate the current document.
Command Key ⌘Shift key ⇧
Minus sign ( )    
Decrease the size of the selected item.
Command Key ⌘Shift key ⇧
Plus sign (+)
Increase the size of the selected item. Command Key ⌘–Equal sign (=) performs the same function.
Command Key ⌘Shift key ⇧
Question mark (?)
Open the Help menu.

Finder shortcuts

          Shortcut           Description
Command Key ⌘ D Duplicate the selected files.
Command Key ⌘ E Eject the selected disk or volume.
Command Key ⌘ F Start a Spotlight search in the Finder window.
Command Key ⌘ I Show the Get Info window for a selected file.
Command Key ⌘ Shift key ⇧ C Open the Computer window.
Command Key ⌘ Shift key ⇧ D Open the desktop folder.
Command Key ⌘ Shift key ⇧ F Open the All My Files window.
Command Key ⌘ Shift key ⇧ G Open a Go to Folder window.
Command Key ⌘ Shift key ⇧ H Open the Home folder of the current OS X user account.
Command Key ⌘ Shift key ⇧ I Open iCloud Drive.
Command Key ⌘ Shift key ⇧ K Open the Network window.
Command Key ⌘ Option Key ⌥ L Open the Downloads folder.
Command Key ⌘ Shift key ⇧ O Open the Documents folder.
Command Key ⌘ Shift key ⇧ R Open the AirDrop window.
Command Key ⌘ Shift key ⇧ T Add selected Finder item to the Dock (OS X Mountain Lion or earlier)
Command Key ⌘ Shift key ⇧ Control Key ⌃ T Add selected Finder item to the Dock (OS X Mavericks or later)
Command Key ⌘ Shift key ⇧ U Open the Utilities folder.
Command Key ⌘ Option Key ⌥ D Show or hide the Dock. This often works even when you're not in the Finder.
Command Key ⌘ Control Key ⌃ T Add the selected item to the sidebar (OS X Mavericks or later).
Command Key ⌘ Option Key ⌥ P Hide or show the path bar in Finder windows.
Command Key ⌘ Option Key ⌥ S Hide or show the Sidebar in Finder windows.
Command Key ⌘–Slash (/) Hide or show the status bar in Finder windows.
Command Key ⌘ J Show View Option Key ⌥s.
Command Key ⌘ K Open the Connect to Server window.
Command Key ⌘ L Make an alias of the selected item.
Command Key ⌘ N Open a new Finder window.
Command Key ⌘ Shift key ⇧ N Create a new folder.
Command Key ⌘ Option Key ⌥ N Create a new Smart Folder.
Command Key ⌘ R Show the original file for the selected alias.
Command Key ⌘ T Show or hide the tab bar when a single tab is open in the current Finder window.
Command Key ⌘ Shift key ⇧ T Show or hide a Finder tab.
Command Key ⌘ Option Key ⌥ T Show or hide the toolbar when a single tab is open in the current Finder window.
Command Key ⌘ Option Key ⌥ V Move: Move the files in the Clipboard from their original location to the current location.
Command Key ⌘ Option Key ⌥ Y View a Quick Look slideshow of the selected files.
Command Key ⌘ Y Use Quick Look to preview the selected files.
Command Key ⌘ 1 View the items in the Finder window as icons.
Command Key ⌘ 2 View the items in a Finder window as a list.
Command Key ⌘ 3 View the items in a Finder window in columns. 
Command Key ⌘ 4 View the items in a Finder window with Cover Flow.
Command Key ⌘–Left Bracket ([) Go to the previous folder.
Command Key ⌘–Right Bracket (]) Go to the next folder.
Command Key ⌘–Up Arrow Open the folder that contains the current folder.
Command Key ⌘Control Key ⌃–Up Arrow Open the folder that contains the current folder in a new window.
Command Key ⌘–Down Arrow Open the selected item.
Command Key ⌘–Brightness Up Turn Target Display Mode on or off.
Command Key ⌘–Brightness Down Turn display mirroring on or off when your Mac is connected to more than one display.
Right Arrow  Open the selected folder. This works only when in list view.
Left Arrow Close the selected folder. This works only when in list view.
Option Key ⌥–double click Open a folder in a separate window and close the current window.
Command Key ⌘–double click Open a folder in a separate tab or window.
Command Key ⌘ Delete Move the selected item to the Trash.
Command Key ⌘ Shift key ⇧ Delete Empty the Trash.
Command Key ⌘ Shift key ⇧ Option Key ⌥ Delete Empty the Trash without confirmation dialog.
Command Key ⌘ Y Use Quick Look to preview the files.
Option Key ⌥–Brightness Up Open Displays preferences. This works with either Brightness key.
Option Key ⌥–Volume Up Open Sound preferences. This works with any of the volume keys.
Command Key ⌘ key while dragging Move the dragged item to another volume or location. The pointer changes while you drag the item.
Option Key ⌥ key while dragging Copy the dragged item. The pointer changes while you drag the item.
Command Key ⌘ Option Key ⌥ while dragging Make an alias of the dragged item. The pointer changes while you drag the item.
Option Key ⌥ click a disclosure triangle Open all folders within the selected folder. This works only when in list view.
Command Key ⌘ click a window title See the folders that contain the current folder.